Agriculturists and gardeners have been taking the advantage of using coir substrate for sustainable soil-based farming or greenhouse climate-controlled aquaculture techniques for many years. Thus the effectiveness and fertile attribute of coco coir or peat has been a witness and well applied by horticulturalists across the world. As these coconut coir by-products are 100% organic, reusable, and biodegradable, they offer the perfect medium for propagating crops and flowers.
Riococo is the market leader for coco coir and peat manufacturer and supplier globally, employing eco-friendly methodologies of production, which are completely harmless to the surrounding environment.
How are the Coco Coir and Peat Processed and their Prime Benefits?
The coco coir which is the fiber portion of the coconut comes in two types the brown and white coir. The brown-toned coir material is sturdy and possesses a long-lasting quality, as they are derived from more matured coconuts. Thus, the brown coir is primarily applied in crop and flower cultivation techniques.
When the hard shells of matured coconuts are peeled off, the inner fibrous layer of coir, which is a by-product, is derived. This long fiber can be processed further to produce coco peat, which serves as a perfect agricultural mix with anti-fungal properties, and also as ropes, brushes, and mats in commercial applications.
The coco coir or peat can retain 10 times the water of its weight; hence it is perfect as an organic plant propagation medium. Besides, this cellulose fibre is robust in quality proving beneficial for the root system of the plants, as it contains an enhanced rate of lignin or natural polymers generating helpful bacteria for the crops. These coir by-products are produced under the rigorous husking process of the hard coconut outer coverings both mechanically and manually.
Both manual and mechanical procedure is applied to skin off the hard shell of the coconuts to bring forth a fibrous coir layer, which is a by-product substance. Subsequently, these coco coir fibers are thoroughly drenched in fresh water for six months continuously, and thereafter in saline water for an extra period of eight months in the aforesaid impregnating process. As the coco fibre originally possess high water-absorbent attributes, such long periods of saturating methods will only help to enhance its water-retaining capabilities to titanic levels. The starter blocks of coco coir or peat ensure optimum management of air and water balance, absorbing and distributing adequately the nutrients and fertilisers to the root system of plants.
Besides, this process of percolation and decomposition helps the coco coir to retain healthy bacteria as an add-on. Thereupon, the coco coir fibre is extracted using sustainable organic processes in around two to ten days, based on the level of maturity of the coconut husk.
What are the Different Applications of the Coco Coir or Peat Substrate?
The coco coir can be widely used in soil-based agricultural or greenhouse aquaculture methods, primarily due to its neutral level of pH. Again, the coir peat by-products have a high permeable attribute of absorbing nearly ten times of water of its weight, growing double in size, when they are used in cultivation methods or for any commercial purposes.
Moreover, due to high water retaining abilities, it helps in increased circulation of air and oxygen to the roots of plants, thereby optimising the procreation of crops and flowers. Besides, the coco peat and substrate can be effectively used as organic pesticides, as they possess antibacterial attributes.
Furthermore, due to these super-water absorption features, these by-products of coco coir or peat are widely used in commercial products of furnishing such as coir-built beds and couches, and also as hand-crafted rugs, and carpets. Besides, it is sensible to use such coco coir fibre mats in public places like multiplexes, seminar halls, and shopping malls due to their robustness, durability, and moisture-retaining properties.
With such varied applications, it should be a smart idea to procure coir substrate substances from some reputed suppliers like Riococo, as they always offer these 100% natural and recyclable by-products of coconut only through sustainable methods of production. Besides, they possess an exhaustive 15 years of global experience in effortlessly producing and supplying such coconut by-products to around 47 countries in the world.